Transparency in the working process and accountability on accomplished work in all institutions are important principle. Independent Election Commission (IEC) has also considered legal mechanisms for transparency and accountability to the citizens of the country.
In 2004, for the first time, the election law was drafted and signed by the President. The first election was conducted in collaboration with the United Nations. In order to hold the first presidential and parliamentary elections in 2005, the Joint Election Commission (JEMB) was composed of national and international members. The IEC was established as an interim commission at the JEMB conducted Wolesi Jirga elections in 2005. The JEMB was active until the end of the Wolesi Jirga elections, lately IEC replaced the JEMB in accordance with article 156 of the Afghan Constitution, for administering and overseeing any type elections and vote in the country. Duties and authorities of the IEC are defined in the Election Law.
The Electoral Complaints Commissions (ECC) is acting in accordance with the electoral law to address electoral violations and negligence. Any issues that fall within the authority of the ECC shall be assess and addressed in the event of complaints, challenge or without any of these. To ensure transparency in the electoral process and better accountability before Afghan people, IEC has taken a series of measures to preserve the integrity of the elections. Ensuring transparency at all stages of the elections, accountability and awareness of the Afghan people in increased. The following efforts and facilities are considered for transparency and accountability to citizens:
- Transparency efforts in the recruitment of HQ and provincial offices staff of the Commission;
- Conducting konkor examination for recruiting temporary staff for the Election Day;
- Reporting of ongoing operations to media and the public;
- Conducting regular meetings with donors and stakeholders (observers, monitors, political parties and the media) while receiving comments and suggestions to improve the working process;
- The Information and Public Outreach Department of the IEC regularly monitors the activities of domestic and foreign media that monitor policies and activities of the IEC
- Increasing awareness and conducting information campaigns to all audience (voters, candidates, relevant institutions and the media);
- Providing opportunity for stakeholders to monitor meetings of the IEC, including meetings of the board of commissioners;
- In accordance with article 89 of the Electoral Law, IEC ensure reports to the people on entire electoral process, before and after the elections as well as the announcement of the preliminary and results for each election through mass media;
- The Voters List was introduced in the country for the first time with the name of the voters registered. On elections day, the voter will vote based on his name of the list;
- Using biometric devices (BVV) on elections day in order to avoid multiple votes and identify people involved in fraud;