Established in 2006, Afghanistan's Independent Election Commission (IEC) is constitutionally mandated to administer and supervise all types of elections and referenda (Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Article 156). The IEC duties and responsibilities are detailed in the Law on Structures, Duties and Auhtorities of the IEC and the Independent Electoral Complaints Commission, passed by the National Assembley and endorsed by then-President Karzai in July, 20013.
The IEC Board of Commissioners is responsible for the overall policy making: the adoption of measures to ensure the credibility of the elections; and oversigh of the IEC Secretariat which implements the technical and operational aspects of the electoral process.
The Independent Election Commission Secretariat (IECS) carries out professional, administrative and operational duties as required for the conduct of elections. The IECS structure includes Provincial Electoral Offices, through which it maintains permanent presence in all provinces.
The IECS is the executive arm of the IEC and is responsible for the implementation of the election operation in accordance with the policy framework defined by the IEC. The IECS is headed by chief of secretariat who is appointed by the President from among professionals requested by the IEC.
The chart below outlines the organizational structure of the IEC and the IECS: